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Bayou Meaning – Learn Louisiana History

You see the word a lot around Louisiana. So many of these strange waterways possess the name “bayou.” What is this mysterious word and what does it mean?

louisiana bayou new orleans alligator

Bayous Are Teaming with Wildlife Like Alligators

History of “Bayou”

First, the term bayou began with the Native Americans who lived in this region. Historian’s believe the word bayou originates from the Choctaw Indians. This local Native American tribe used to inhabit land in what is now the states of Louisiana and Mississippi. In the native Choctaw language, Chahta, they referred to small streams as bayuk. Next, historians believe that English and French settlers appropriated the word and pronounced it as “bayoo.” Lastly, Cajuns settled in the regions of South Louisiana with heavy wetland geography. These Cajun areas of Louisiana have made the word famous with their songs and cultural references.

Bayou in Modern Louisiana

The term bayou has evolved slightly to mean a very slow moving waterway. If a swamp is a stagnant fresh water wetland, then a bayou is a very slow moving wetland with a swampy appearance.  Louisiana has extremely flat and wet terrain. When the rest of the world imagines valleys with streams. Meanwhile, Louisiana’s flat terrain makes a swamp nearly indistinguishable from a stream or small river. Both streams and swamps are overgrown with vegetation and have similar wildlife. However, a stream possesses extremely slowly moving water. In Louisiana these swampy slow moving waterways are referred to as “bayous.”

Bayous, much like swamps, contain all sorts of wildlife. In these unique waterways, you will find fish such as catfish, crawfish, bass, and perch. Bayous contain amphibians and reptiles such as turtles, alligators, frogs, and snakes. Lastly, they serve the important role of carrying sediment through the wetlands to rebuild the fragile coastlines which protect Louisiana from hurricanes.

Rainy Day in New Orleans – What to Do

There is no way around it. New Orleans is a wet city. Aside from the occasional hurricane, we get a TON of rain. If you ever look at a ranking of US cities annual rainfall, then you will notice most of the top ten is on either the Gulf Coast or the southern tip of Florida. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Crescent City ranks third annually in average annual rainfall.  Also, New Orleans is a city that typically ranks in the top ten in annual tourism. So what is a traveler to do on a rainy day in New Orleans?

1. Spend a Rainy Day in the World War II Museum

Tripadvisor recently ranked the WWII Museum here in New Orleans as the number two museum in the entire world. It is easy to spend an entire day inside the museum. This historic attraction has everything from an IMAX theatre, to the Boeing Center displaying a myriad of military aircraft, to a great restaurant The American Sector. The museum, built on the site of the old Higgins Boat factory is a must-see here in New Orleans and provides awesome protection from the elements.

Higgins Boat New Orleans Museum Rainy Day

The “Boat That Won the War” was built right in the heart of New Orleans. Currently the site of the National World War II Museum.

2. Drink Like a Local and Kill a Rainy Day by Bar Hopping Along Magazine Street

Bourbon Street is fun, and it definitely has its place in New Orleans lifestyle and culture. But that place is essentially a big stinky rowdy frat party with not so cheap beers. If you want to get away from the tourist crowds, then hop in a taxi/Uber and head Uptown to Magazine Street. This lovely commercial strip is the premier shopping, bar, and restaurant sector for the residents of the city.

It is a great area to bum around, window shop, people watch, and jump inside one of the countless bars to dodge the rain. There are a few main sections of Magazine St where most of the businesses are clustered. These areas are between Felicity and Jackson, between Washington and Louisiana, and between Milan and Bordeaux.

3. Catch a Rainy Day Movie at an Local New Orleans Cinema

Louisiana in recent years has become the worldwide leader in studio film production. Essentially that means that if you see a Hollywood movie or television show the last few years, there’s over a 40% chance it was filmed in Louisiana. What better way to enjoy a New Orleans filmed movie that to watch it in one of the city’s great locally owned theaters.

First, if you are staying downtown, then the most convenient theater is definitely the theater in One Canal Place. They usually have a mix of studio and indie films, great food served to your seat via a serve, and a solid selection of adult beverage for your enjoyment. Second, is the relatively new Broad Theater in Mid City. This is a super quaint mom-and-pop theater that also has a mix of studio and indie films. It is guaranteed to be close to 100% locals attending here, and they also have a bunch of alcoholic beverages to choose from. They don’t serve a full menu, but they offer standard movie fare. Lastly, the Prytania Theatre in Uptown is a single screen throwback to the Golden Age of Cinema. They do a great series of classic films and late night shows.

 

by
Ashton Rogers

 

 

 

Art – Julia Street, NOMA

Bar Hop down Magazine

Movie – Canal, Broad, Prytania

 

New Orleans Streets – Why So Horrible?

Anyone who has driven in New Orleans knows one blatant fact. New Orleans streets are HORRIBLE. It’s not an issue of a few select roads or specific areas of town. Nope. The entire city of New Orleans is littered with busted pavement. Where does it come from, and how did things get so bad?

New Orleans Streets

New Orleans Streets Can Devour Humans

Mushy Soil – New Orleans Streets

New Orleans is built on the Mississippi River Delta. A delta is where a river meets the ocean and sediment builds up, creating estuaries and wetlands. In the case of the mighty Mississippi River, the sediment buildup is massive. This is why the lower section of the state of Louisiana is so flat and wet. It’s all accumulated mud that floated downriver over hundreds of thousands of years and created new low-lying land.

What does soil content have to do with New Orleans Streets? Well, if you pave over extremely soft soil, then the pavement itself is much more likely to break and fail. New Orleans has no bedrock, and the streets sit on incredibly mushy soil. Hence, we are more likely to have bad streets.

Bad Pipes – New Orleans Streets

The City of New Orleans built much of its infrastructure over a century ago. All of those water lines and sewage lines buried underground will only last so long until they fail. Currently, we are at a time, when all of the old pipes underground are breaking apart which causes leaks into the soil. About 40% of the water pumped into the drinking water system gets lost through the cracks. As the water leaks into the soil, you have sink holes form. Thus, these sink holes cause most of the massive potholes you see around New Orleans.

New Orleans Pothole Party

Only in a New Orleans Pothole

Low Infrastructure Investment – New Orleans Streets

Before World War II, New Orleans was one of the largest and most economically vibrant cities in the US. Over time, the city lost much of its luster as corruption and government waste killed off local business. Spending on infrastructure was essentially nonexistent. Thus, fixing streets was not a priority.

Currently, New Orleans is beginning to manage $2 Billion from FEMA for street repairs post-Katrina. While signs of progress are slow, there is some hope that the city can upgrade the shameful situation of our roads.

 

By, Ashton Rogers

Luling Mansion Forgotten in New Orleans

Near Bayou St John tucked away off of Esplanade Ave sits a worn down mansion with loads of character. The mansion is strikingly large, perched on a hill, and full of the detail work of a bygone era. Though forgotten to time, a passerby can easily tell that this home was once incredibly grandiose. But now the home is obviously in disrepair. How did this home come to be and how did it devolve to its current state?

lulin mansion new orleans abandoned homes

Luling Mansion in Its Prime

Luling Mansion Origins

Jame Gallier, renowned local architect, designed the home. Gallier made a big name for himself throughout the 19th Century by designing properties for prominent well-to-do families. The Luling family was no exception. Florence Luling gained his wealth before the Civil War on cotton and turpentine. He had a wife and two boys, for whom he decided to built a stately New Orleans home. Therefore, Luling who owned a 30 acre tract along Bayou St John and Esplanade Avenue,  set to work building his estate. Gallier designed the home as an ornate Italianate manse surrounded by lush gardens including a private pond with a small island. The home was complete in 1865, at the end of the US Civil War, and the Luling family moved in.

Luling Mansion Interior

Luling Mansion Interior (via Craigslist Apartment Post)

Luling Mansion Over Time

Shortly after taking residence, the two young Luling boys were playing in nearby Bayou St John and mysteriously drowned. Florence Luling, having already lost much of his livelihood at the end of the war, couldn’t withstand losing his sons too. He packed his bags and moved back across the ocean to Europe, never to reside in New Orleans again. He sold off his land to the nearby New Orleans Jockey Club, who used the home as a headquarters and event space for a few decades. In 1905, the club lost need for the property and decided to sell it. Thus, the club subdivided the gardens into residential plots, now Verna Ct and Lena Ct. The home has survived as mostly neglected rental apartments ever since.

Luling Mansion new orleans Exterior

Luling Mansion Exterior Today

If you are ever driving down Esplanade Ave, then consider making a quick turn onto Verna Ct and discovering a hidden gem in New Orleans.

How To: Hurricane Preparation

Hurricane preparation can be a complicated and sometimes daunting task. Hurricanes cause damage with wind, with heavy rain, and with a storm surge. However, some simple planning will be huge for preventing some serious headaches and heartaches after the storm blows through.

1. Hurricane Preparation: Purchasing Insurance

If you are a homeowner, then having a solid hurricane, wind, and flood insurance coverage is extremely crucial. For most Americans, it is unusual to live in a place where your home could be completely destroyed. In New Orleans (or anywhere along the Gulf of Mexico), hurricanes threaten to wipe out your property annually. Therefore, the best way to protect yourself is with a good insurance plan. Flood policies are somewhat different and often require a separate plan from your homeowner’s policy, so make sure you have both.

2. Hurricane Preparation: Outside Your Home

Hurricane preparation starts outside your home. First, if you understand that wind damage is a primary threat, then you should think of everything that is not tied down as a possible projectile.  Walk your property and imagine what could break loose and fly through your windows such as wind chimes, patio furniture, kid’s toys, etc. Either strap things down or bring them inside the home. Second, anything that could be damaged by water should be moved indoors or to higher ground. Lastly, make sure you close up your shutters or board your windows (depending on the size of the storm). Typically, a Category 1 or Tropical Storm is fine, whereas a Category 2 or higher can cause serious wind damage.

3. Hurricane Preparation: Inside Your Home

In the days leading up to the hurricane, you should try to eat through the perishables inside your fridge. If you have anything that you consider supremely valuable, then you should place it on the second floor or on a high shelf. Also, if you have anything that cannot survive without electricity, then make sure you plan on having backup power or taking it with you during evacuation.

4. Hurricane Preparation: Cars

First and most important, make sure you fill up your tank of gas a few days before the storm! Lines will stretch for hours and last minute gasoline is a nightmare. Second, if you are evacuating, then you won’t need much to prep. Lastly, if you are not evacuating, move your car to high ground. Find a median (neutral ground in NOLA) or parking lot in an elevated area and park your car there.

 

5. Should You Evacuate for a Hurricane?

Generally, my wife and I do not evacuate for a Category 1 Hurricane or Tropical Storm. For a Category 2, we play it by ear. We look at the speed of the storm, the likelihood of it hitting New Orleans, and whether the hurricane is going east or west of the city. First, fast moving storms usually cause less damage since they move through the area quickly. Second, look at the possibility of the hurricane hitting your area. Keep in mind that they hurricanes are unpredictable and can shift at any moment. Lastly, the eastern side of a storm is always more damaging than the western side. If the storm is going towards Mississippi and Alabama, we are less concerned than if it is headed towards east Texas or west Louisiana.

6. How to Prepare If You Stay

First, you need to buy lots of bottled water. Alternatively, you can clean out a bathtub and fill it with water. Second, you need to stock up on non-perishable food. If you have a natural gas stove, then it will give you more options because you can cook. Otherwise, buy foods that can be eaten cold. Lastly, you should absolutely, positively, make sure you have some alcohol. You probably won’t have access to a cold fridge or ice, so make sure you get something that can be enjoyed at room temp. Wine is a great choice, as is something more sturdy like bourbon.

7. Remember What Is Important

Finally, remember that the most important thing is your safety and the safety of your loved ones. People have lost countless possessions on the Gulf Coast to weather events, but none of that compares to losing someone you care about. Keep yourself, your family, and your pets safe. Always remember it is better to be safe than sorry.

How to Survive a New Orleans Summer

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Summer in New Orleans is a legendary affair. The heat is always intense, and the humidity is nothing short of unbelievable. Tourists know the drill and avoid the city for more appropriate environs like the beach, the lake, or anywhere up north. Plenty of mom-and-pop businesses in the city shut down and take a months long siesta. But some of us are stuck here, and we have to make the best of the card we are dealt.

Here are my tips for getting through a brutal New Orleans summer.

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Pimm’s Cup at the Kingfish Bar

Find Water

Some in the city are fortunate enough to have the time and resources to make it out to the Alabama and Florida panhandles for some quality time on the “Redneck Riviera.” Despite the tongue-in-cheek nickname, this stretch of beaches on the Gulf of Mexico is incredibly beautiful with sugar white sand and emerald green water. It flies under the radar to most Americans, but it is a destination worth experiencing.

For anyone without several days and a few hundred dollars to spare, Bay St. Louis and Waveland Mississippi have the same white sand, albeit with muddier water. Also, Bay St. Louis is the definition of quaint southern coastal town, and it’s less than a 1-hr drive from New Orleans.

If you are feeling a little more adventurous, there is great river tubing on the Bogue Chitto River, canoe trips go down the Wolfe River in Mississippi, and there are dozens of hotels in the city with great rooftop pools. I have heard of some people sneaking into said pools, but I have absolutely zero experience with such tomfoolery.

Find a Beverage

Find a cold beverage specifically. Daquiris are definitely the most ubiquitous chilly drinks in the city. If you are feeling up for one, I recommend skipping the standard sugary concoctions and heading to New Orleans East to the Daquiri Chef. Made with real frozen fruit instead of the high fructose corn syrup with food coloring you see at most places.

If you want to go a little more high end, I suggest grabbing a Pimm’s Cup at Kingfish or the ever changing Daily Punch at Cane & Table. If you must go the more traditional daquiri route, I prefer the drive through line at Daquiris & Creams in Bucktown.

Find an Air Conditioner

Seriously, though. After about 7:30 am in the summer, the heat becomes pretty oppressive. The only respite you will have in the city is to get indoors and let the modern magic of forced air and freon put their gris-gris on you. Watch your Entergy bill trickle upwards as you do your best to keep your core temperature below heat stroke levels.

 

Mayor Landrieu’s Proposed Budget

City of New Orleans from above

City of New Orleans from above

New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu today released his budget proposal for the 2016 fiscal year. While this budget is not final, pending approval by the City Council, it generally lays out his vision of the priorities for the city. Here are my key takeaways.

NOPD

The lack of a police presence around the city is easily one of the biggest complaints against the city government. An understaffed police department means response times are embarrassingly abysmal; the recent Uptown restaurant heists saw the cops show up 10-hours and 8-hours after the crime. And from personal experience, sometimes the police simply never show up at all when you call.

With this budget, the mayor proposes a 15% pay increase for the NOPD and the hiring of more officers.  Crime is arguably one of the biggest problems preventing growth, and New Orleans police are paid less than the suburbs with worse working conditions. Hopefully these funds will help alleviate some of those problems.

Road Improvements

While everyone in the city agrees that the roads need to be fixed, I’m not so sure about this budget’s method for doing so. Here, Landrieu wants to sell off $100-milllion in bonds to pay for roadworks, effectively grabbing some easy money now while kicking the can down the road that will have to be covered by later administrations. The city recently put out a $65-million bond sale, bringing the city’s total debt up to a sizeable $549-million. Paying off this city debt will always fall on homeowner’s and our property tax payments, which are already among the highest in the state.

Programs for Lower Income Residents

Landrieu put forth two big changes to help lower income residents – 1) $1.2-million to both study how to connect minority job seekers with work and connect them with small businesses looking for workers, and 2) $17-million for low-income housing including a new $1.5-million homeless shelter. On a basic level, much of the city’s future depends on how our growth will trickle down to people of all incomes, education levels, and races.

The current post-Katrina economic boom in New Orleans is being enjoyed almost exclusively by white middle and upper class residents. If the city is going to make the transition from troublesome mid-size city with charm into a regional powerhouse like Atlanta, Houston, or recently Nashville, we will need to do a much better job of making sure that our rising tide does indeed lift all boats. Poverty and inequality breed crime, lower quality of life, and high government costs, all of which are felt by everyone across the economic spectrum. Personally, I would like to see the government better prioritize education/job training and some sort of initiative to bring in more blue-collar labor work into the city.

As a whole, New Orleans continues to make smart moves in the right direction to take our city into the future. And for all the complaints against Landrieu and his administration, I absolutely believe that he has been the city’s best mayor for decades and understands how to help New Orleans grow into a better, stronger, and more complete city.

Uptown Under Seige

via Flikr user Roger Smith

via Flikr user Roger Smith

Uptown Bars and Restaurants Under Seige

First, masked gunmen robbed Patois, then Atchafalaya, and now Monkey Hill. Police are “investigating,” but do not seem to have any clear leads and no arrests have been made. Now, the New Orleans crime blotter is essentially always stuck in an infinite loop, so these robberies should be of no surprise. But this particular crime spree is notable because the perpetrators are brazen in their choice of mostly posh high-end establishments filled with patrons during the opening hours. If the NOPD had any semblance of quick response times, these criminals would likely have been caught by now. They are still on the loose, and we are all left wondering which Uptown business will be hit next, will criminals ever have any real difficulties in this city, and where is the response from City Hall to address our underfunded and understaffed police force?

Gleason Gras This Weekend

The Gleason Gras music lineup has been released, and the weather forecast for Saturday is looking to be around 80 degrees and sunny. This Mid-City area around Bayou St. John is, in my opinion, one of the prettiest and most overlooked areas of New Orleans. And with some live music including Flow Tribe and Better than Ezra, it should be a big turnout for an awesome event. Tickets are $5 in advance and $10 at the gate.

Will New Orleans Remove the Confederate Monuments?

Recently an anonymous donor offered to pony up $125,000 to pay for the removal of various Confederate monuments around New Orleans. Additionally, the city has reportedly incurred $4,000 in charges just to clean off the graffiti from the statues, which have become a target for vandals. Without going into the controversy over whether or not the monument should be removed from their current locations, the fiscal answer seems point towards removing them. The issue is headed for vote in City Hall soon, so we should have a final decision before long.

To Golf or Not to Golf? The New Course in City Park

The blueprint for the new championship course in City Park shows a smaller footprint than before Katrina.

The blueprint for the new championship course in City Park shows a smaller footprint than before Katrina.

Since the new year, City Park has started to clear out hundreds of acres of abandoned land and begin construction on the long awaited championship course. Many are excited about this development and look forward to enjoying the course. Others are pushing back against the project because the unused land throughout the park has become somewhat of an attraction to those seeking wilderness within the heart of the city.

As a quick history lesson, City Park opened its first golf course in 1902. Over the years three more courses were added, creating a network of four separate 18-hole golf courses within the park. In 2005, when Hurricane Katrina flood-waters inundated the city, the golf courses sat underwater for weeks effectively destroying them. One of the courses was rebuilt after the storm, and the rest of the land has sat fallow for nearly ten years.

During this time since Katrina, that unused land has somewhat returned to the wild. Tall grasses and weeds are occasionally cut back, but wild boars, coyotes, and alligators have seen a population boom. And many locals, using the old cart paths, stroll through the area regularly.  It is mainly these walkers and joggers wish to keep the space wild and undeveloped and are protesting the idea of the green space being turned into a golf course.

On one hand, I also like the idea of having a patch of wilderness within the city. But when I take a step back, I realize where my true allegiances lie. The park was never, at any point in time, supposed to be a wildlife preserve in the city. We already have one of those within our city; it’s called Bayou Sauvage in New Orleans East.

Also lost on the protesters is that the new golf course actually has a much smaller footprint than what existed before Katrina. The entire area between Harrison and I-10, previously the South Course, will be untouched by the course, and Couturie Forest, the 60-acre hunk of park land that has never been developed, will always be left alone.

The economic impact of the $24.5 million course is also important for the city. City Park is self-funded, meaning they need to generate revenue to survive. The new golf course would be a huge economic boom for the park, providing revenue and jobs for the park itself and the city as a whole. Plus, the wild post-apocalyptic look of the land with coyotes cruising city streets at night is currently is a drain on the property values and development in the area.

And for anyone claiming that a new golf course would take the land from average people and give it to wealthy corporate types, they are missing much of the point. Currently, in New Orleans, if you want to play at a top-notch championship level course, you need a costly membership to a private club. Otherwise, your options are City Park North Course and Audubon, which are serviceable but are lower quality courses. Opening up a world class municipal golf course will provide access for average people in the city to play top-notch golf.

I, for one, plan on polishing off the old set of clubs and getting back out there once this new course opens up. As a resident and homeowner in the immediate area, I am extremely excited about this new development and its prospects for the park and the city as a whole.

New Orleans Smoking Ban – We Hate to Love It

New Orleans Smoking Ban

(photo from Flikr user Marlus Mellebye)

Despite our best efforts, New Orleans has slowly trudged towards modernity since the landfall of Katrina and reconstruction thereafter.  Throughout the 1900s, New Orleans was a unique case study of a once-magnificent city slowly devouring itself and shriveling away.  Corruption, an amazing inability to make any infrastructure improvements whatsoever, a government environment that was hostile to business, and a general malaise defined New Orleans.  As a child growing up in Alabama, our trips to the Crescent City were always like going to a strange museum frozen in time where nobody had thought to maintain the artifacts or curate new works.  After World War II, nearly all of America enjoyed unprecedented growth and prosperity.  Meanwhile, New Orleans was the rare city where the population actually dropped from nearly 650,000 in 1950 to well under 400,00 by the year 2000.

When Katrina hit, everything here changed.  People who previously never gave New Orleans a second thought decided that this town could be a great opportunity and a wonderful place to live.  I, along with countless other young professionals, moved here after the storm seeing hope and growth on the horizon.  The city has responded similarly and decided to do seemingly simple things like pave the decrepit streets, accept and embrace non-natives, and create a tax structure favorable to business.  All of which would have been unthinkable in the not so distant past.

Now we can add one more item to this list of surprising advancements towards the 21st century – New Orleans’ recently passed indoor smoking ban.  Whereas infrastructure improvements have been celebrated here in New Orleans, the smoking ban causes a somewhat more complex reaction from New Orleanians.  The general consensus among locals is that smoking is disliked and smoke free bars and restaurants are a good thing.  But there is also an underlying distaste for any government intrusion into personal affairs.  Here in New Orleans, we like our drive-through daiquiris, our go-cups, and our permit-free block parties.  We like to party however we want to, without big brother telling us no.  We may disapprove of you flashing your breasts on Bourbon Street, but we will defend to the death your right to flash them.

So with the smoking ban, we are left in a conundrum.  Many of us hate standing in smoky bars, allergies going crazy, hair soaking in the stench, and lungs swimming in carcinogens.  But we also don’t like a new regulation on our liberties.  We support the ban, but we hate that we love it.

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